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Java的证书:HTTPS与SSL

2013年11月19日 亲亲宝宝 发表评论 阅读评论

在取得connection的时候和正常浏览器访问一样,仍然会验证服务端的证书是否被信任(权威机构发行或者被权威机构签名);如果服务端证书不被信任,则默认的实现就会有问题,一般来说,java在访问ssl的链接时经常会报错误:

javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Alerts.getSSLException(Alerts.java:174)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.fatal(SSLSocketImpl.java:1591)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Handshaker.fatalSE(Handshaker.java:187)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Handshaker.fatalSE(Handshaker.java:181)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.ClientHandshaker.serverCertificate(ClientHandshaker.java:975)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.ClientHandshaker.processMessage(ClientHandshaker.java:123)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Handshaker.processLoop(Handshaker.java:516)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Handshaker.process_record(Handshaker.java:454)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.readRecord(SSLSocketImpl.java:884)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.performInitialHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1096)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1123)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1107)
at sun.net.www.protocol.https.HttpsClient.afterConnect(HttpsClient.java:405)
at sun.net.www.protocol.https.AbstractDelegateHttpsURLConnection.connect(AbstractDelegateHttpsURLConnection.java:166)
at sun.net.www.protocol.https.HttpsURLConnectionImpl.connect(HttpsURLConnectionImpl.java:133)
at com.wenhq.http.TestSSL.testAig(TestSSL.java:21)
at com.wenhq.http.TestSSL.main(TestSSL.java:13)
Caused by: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target
at sun.security.validator.PKIXValidator.doBuild(PKIXValidator.java:285)
at sun.security.validator.PKIXValidator.engineValidate(PKIXValidator.java:191)
at sun.security.validator.Validator.validate(Validator.java:218)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.X509TrustManagerImpl.validate(X509TrustManagerImpl.java:126)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.X509TrustManagerImpl.checkServerTrusted(X509TrustManagerImpl.java:209)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.X509TrustManagerImpl.checkServerTrusted(X509TrustManagerImpl.java:249)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.ClientHandshaker.serverCertificate(ClientHandshaker.java:954)
… 12 more
Caused by: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target
at sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilder.engineBuild(SunCertPathBuilder.java:174)
at java.security.cert.CertPathBuilder.build(CertPathBuilder.java:238)
at sun.security.validator.PKIXValidator.doBuild(PKIXValidator.java:280)

原因就是缺少信任的安全证书时出现的异常。

客户端在进行SSL连接时,JSSE将根据这个文件中的证书决定是否信任服务器端的证书。在SunJSSE中,有一个信任管理器类负责决定是否信任远端的证书,这个类有如下的处理规则:
1)若系统属性javax.net.sll.trustStore指定了TrustStore文件,那么信任管理器就去jre安装路径下的lib/security/目录中寻找并使用这个文件来检查证书。
2)若该系统属性没有指定TrustStore文件,它就会去jre安装路径下寻找默认的TrustStore文件,这个文件的相对路径为:lib/security/jssecacerts。
3)若jssecacerts不存在,但是cacerts存在(它随J2SDK一起发行,含有数量有限的可信任的基本证书),那么这个默认的TrustStore文件就是lib/security/cacerts。

可以通过下面的方法给java增加信任证书:
1、从chrome浏览器中导出 证书的cer格式文件;



2.导入cer证书到java的证书信任库
D:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.6.0_07\bin>keytool -import -keystore jssecacerts -file purchase.cer -alias purchase

输入keystore密码:changeit
再次输入新密码:changeit

keytool用法总结

3、把生成的 jssecacerts文件放到$Javahome\jdk1.6.0_07\jre\lib\security目录下就可以了。

 

 

 

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